A chemical called 4-methylimidazole is formed during the manufacture of some caramel colors used to darken sodas and is considered carcinogenic. Researchers have shown that people in the USA over the age of six drinks at least one can of soda daily, and hence they are highly exposed to 4-methylimidazole. The conducted research did not conclude specific brands of soda and also found that the amount of the chemical varies across samples even for the same type of drink. They discovered that variant levels of the chemicals are higher in some compounds and shallow concentration is found on others.
Consumers petitioned that FDA should set standards to limit the amount of 4-MEI that should be allowed in beverages and food. In a state like California, each drink should carry a health-warning label if the sum of the chemical exceeds the specified limits. Drinks purchased from California has low levels of 4-MEI than samples of the same beverage purchased elsewhere.
From the results obtained in the study, it’s clear that people should avoid soft drinks. Earlier results showed that the rate of metabolic syndrome is 48 percent higher among individuals who drink one soft drink daily than those who do not drink any soda. The diet soda does not help lose weight instead overweight and obese people are more likely to ingest more calories from sugar-sweetened beverages.
Causes of cancer
In a child, healthy cells divide rapidly to allow for growth and when one becomes adult cells divide to replace worn-out cells or to repair injuries.
When cells at a particular site of the body start to grow out of control, they may become cancerous. The growth of cancer cells is different from that of healthy cells. Cancer cells do not die. Instead, they grow to form new abnormal cells. Cancer cells can invade other tissues which are a strange property which is not possessed by normal cells.
Cancer cells are formed from normal cells when their deoxyribonucleic acid within the nucleus is damaged. DNA is found in every call and is used to direct all the cell action that is death, growth, protein synthesis among others. When DNA of a normal cell has damaged the cell either repairs the damage or else it dies. Apoptosis is a process which a cell uses to safeguard against cancer through which abnormal cells die on their own accord.
Damaged DNA in cancer cells is not repaired, and the cell does not die. This gives rise to defective cancer cells which share the same DNA as the original cells hence the spread of cancer inside your body. This may be inherited from parents or maybe as a result of spontaneous problems that occur during the lifetime of a person. The process is known as mutation. Certain environmental toxins may trigger damage of cells. Cigarette smoke is one of the toxins which are widely known to cause cancer in human cells. There are also other known factors which may cause cancer although researchers have concluded that it’s difficult to pinpoint an exact cause.
Agents that cause cancer
- Chemical carcinogens
Changes in a typical cellular DNA are activated by several chemicals and environmental toxins. Mutation is a process that is caused by mutagens and mutagens that cause cancer are known as carcinogens. Tobacco smoking is a particular substance that is associated with many forms of cancer and is believed to cause 90% of lung cancer. Smoking is associated with larynx, head, neck, stomach, bladder, kidney as well as pancreases because it contains carcinogens like polycyclic and nitrosamines aromatic hydrocarbons.
- Ionizing radiations
Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun and radiation due to radon gas leads to skin malignancies and melanoma. These emissions causes’ different types of cancer like those who receive chest radiation therapy for lymphomas may develop breast cancer after a period.
- Bacterial and viral infections
Various types of cancer are caused by infection with pathogens. Notable ones include liver cancer, a cervical cancer which occurs due to infections with human papillomavirus as well as stomach cancer due to Helicobacter pylori infection.
- Immune system dysfunction
HIV infection is an impaired immunity which causes several cancers including Kaposi sarcoma which is associated with malignancies such as cervical and anal cancers. The infections destroy red blood cells which fight against diseases like cancer-causing viruses.
- Hormonal changes
This is a notable change which occurs in the female hormone level estrogen. It has been proved that excess estrogen leads to uterine cancer.
Ways of reducing cancer
Cancer prevention methods are still evolving, but it is evident that cancer is affected by simple lifestyle changes that one makes. Below are simple lifestyle changes which will make a big difference if you are concerned about cancer prevention.
- Do not use tobacco
Smoking has been linked with many types of cancer. Even if you don’t smoke exposure to secondhand smoke increases your risk of lung cancer. Avoiding it is one of the most efficient health decisions one can make because it’s an important part of prevention. You can see your doctor to give you ways in which you can quit smoking and also reading scholarly article may also assist.
- Eat a healthy diet.
This can be attained by eating plenty of vegetables and fruits to avoid obesity because fresh fruit and vegetables are believed to be lighter food hence do not cause any infection. Another way is by moderating consumption of alcohol because excessive intake of alcoholic drinks increases chances of lung and breast cancer.
- Maintaining a healthy weight and doing lots of physical exercises
This lowers all the risks of infection as well as helping to control your weight. People who participate in lots of physical activities gain some health benefits and will never suffer from colon or kidney cancer. Everyone should spare at least 150 minutes a week to do an aerobic physical activity to maintain healthy living.